Charcot’s foot is a series of damages to the bone and joints that can cause deformities in the feet. It begins with peripheral neuropathy, a disease of the nerves of the feet. It occurs most often in people with diabetes, but it can affect anyone.
Since your nerves don’t work as they should, you may not feel pain if your foot is injured; you could even break bones or unknowingly damage your joints. If you continue to walk with your foot injured, the fractured bones can weld irregularly, causing deformities in the feet. When you have Charcot’s foot, even minor fractures can cause serious problems if not treated in time.
Charcot Foot and How To Take Care of It
What causes Charcot’s foot?
Charcot’s foot is a rare and disability-causing disorder. It is the result of nerve damage in the feet (peripheral neuropathy). Diabetes is the most common cause of this type of nerve damage. This damage is more common in people with type 1 diabetes.
Charcot’s foot sharp
Charcot’s foot in acute phase begins with several small fractures that have gone unnoticed. At first, there may not be any visible signs of this disease; but if you keep walking with your foot, the fractures get worse. Your foot might be warm to the touch and look blushing and swollen.
The fractures begin to heal as Charcot’s disease progresses, but the weight of your body prevents the bones from welding properly. Walking continuously can produce new fractures, which prolong redness and swelling of the foot.
Chronic Charcot foot
Charcot’s foot in chronic phase is a deformity resulting from poor healing of the bones. The foot may be so deformed that it no longer fits in the shoes. Rubbing caused by the uncomfortable shoe can cause ulcers (open sores) that can become infected. The infection may be aggravated to the point of requiring amputation of the foot.
How is Charcot’s foot cured?
Charcot’s initial stages are usually treated with a plasing or plaus boot to protect the foot and ankle. The use of plasing is very effective in reducing inflammation and protecting bones.
What is Charcot’s Neuroartropatia?
Charcot neuroarthropathy is a progressive degenerative disease that affects the joints of the foot. It was observed for the first time in patients with leprosy and in alcoholics. Any condition that causes sensory or autonomic neuropathy can lead to a Charcot deformity.