“If there is a particularly vulnerable part of the body in the patient with diabetes mellitus it is the feet. If you want to know what diabetic foot is and what measures can be taken to prevent it, you will be interested in reading the following article.”
Diabetes mellitus,a chronic disease characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels due to the pancreas not producing insulin or the body not using it correctly, is the most common endocrine disease and one of the main causes of mortality in contemporary society.
With a high social cost and a great health impact, diabetes can lead to a significant number of acute and chronic health complications, such as diabetic foot, which affect the quality and life expectancy of patients who suffer from it.
What is diabetic foot?
Of the serious complications that can affect people with diabetes, those derived from diabetic foot are the ones that can cause a greater number of victims.
Did you know that diabetes mellitus is involved in 70% of lower limb amputations?
Under the concept of diabetic foot, which affects 1 in 6 people with diabetes throughout their lives, those necrotizing ulcerative lesions that may appear on the feet or ankles of patients suffering from this endocrine disease are included.
Nervous involvement(diabetic neuropathy),lack of blood supply (peripheral vasculopathy) and greater predisposition to infections presented by patients with diabetes are involved in the origin of this complication, in which other factors also have some responsibility, such as the years of evolution of the same disease, advanced age, smoking habit, the history of ulcerations, the presence of deformities in the feet and motor difficulties.
The loss of sensation typical of the diabetic foot makes it difficult to quickly detect any injury that may occur in this part of the body, either by the rubbing of a shoe, by a pebble that may have entered the shoe, etc.
If we add to all this the vascularization problems, which hinder the healing process of the wounds, and the risk of superinfection, it is clear that we are in a critical situation, in which it will be necessary to take extreme precautions to avoid the appearance of ulcerations and a gangrenous process that requires the amputation of the foot.
What measures should be taken to prevent diabetic foot?
Many of the problems and discomforts related to diabetic foot can be prevented if some timely preventive measures are taken:
Keeping the blood glucose level within the reference limits
Protect the feet from any harmful agent to them (extreme temperatures, inappropriate footwear, etc.)
Daily examination of the feet to detect any small injuries in time
Perform good foot hygiene (washing and drying, especially between the toes)
Take care of the feet with massages and hydration of the skin on heel, back and soles of the feet
Regularly go to the podiatrist to smooth out tripe
Go to the doctor quickly for any signs or symptoms of alarm
A special mention deserves the socks for diabetic foot and tired feet, indicated for the daily care of sensitive and delicate feet, especially in patients with diabetes or circulatory problems, and made to ensure maximum comfort in their use, with an optimal fastening.
Made of a breathable and smooth fabric, which allows to reduce friction, they use the advanced antimicrobial technology of silver ions to reduce the possibility of bacterial infections throughout the area.
In addition, its low-pressure elastic design, with soft sections that exert a slight compression on the right areas, helps to improve blood circulation and reduce pressure on possible injuries that may exist.
“Using the diabetic foot sock and taking all the measures described in this article can help improve blood circulation and reduce pressure on blisters and swelling of the affected limb.”
When should you worry and go to the doctor?
In case of certain signs, it is important to go or call the doctor immediately, and, if he deems it necessary, make an appointment with a podiatrist.
What signals can they be? For example, some type of wound that does not heal after a few days, such as a blister or cut.
Another possibility is to have a callus with dried blood inside, which can be a symptom of an injury under the callus.
You may also have a feeling of pain or warmth, as well as the existence of a redness of the skin of the feet, which could all be indicative of an infection.
It is important to keep in mind that when an infection turns black and gives off a bad odor, it is a sign that it could be in the process of gangrene.